Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) hosted Dr. Munir Ahmed, Sr. Director / Chief Scientific Officer, CEWRI, NARC, Islamabad, for a talk titled, “Climate Risk Reduction Adaptation: Interventions of Irrigation Water and Solar Energy for Sustainable Agriculture”. The event was held on Wednesday, 16 January 2019 in the Main Library Auditorium, CUI. People from Dept. of Biosciences, NARC, Dept. of Meteorology and others were present in the event.
Dr. Ahmed, discussed that agriculture is a backbone of the economy of Pakistan. Agriculture provides employment for roughly 25 million people in Pakistan and is the main income source for 34% and 74% of economically active men and women respectively in the country. Three-fourths of the country receives less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. The country has a comprehensive network of irrigation infrastructure including canals and dams, yet water resources for agriculture are expected to decline in coming years. Climate is expected to have significant impacts on agriculture. More frequent and severe droughts and floods are already apparent, and their impact increases as a growing population need more food and fiber. Climate change is a major threat to rural livelihoods and food security and the poor in general are the most vulnerable to climate change. The agricultural systems are very complex due to interacting direct and indirect climate-related risks. Year to year variability in climate already contributes to rural poverty where exposure is high and adaptive capacity is low. Increasing temperatures will translate into increased crop water demand, salinity and sea water intrusion.
Dr. Ahmed also explained that appropriate adaptation measures need to be focused in framing policy actions to ensure water, energy and food for the country as well as to minimize the impact of climate change. Critical investments in climate adaptations and smart agriculture are needed to tackle the emerging challenges to the agricultural sector, especially in the context of declining water availability and climate change impacts smart agriculture is a need of hour. Pakistan is making considerable efforts to incorporate renewable energy technologies into its agricultural production systems to overcome persistent and widespread energy shortages in the country. Further he explained about NARC project in different part of the country.
After a vote of thanks, a souvenir was presented to the guest speaker by Dr. Toqeer Ahmed, Assistant Professor, CCRD, CUI and a group picture of the participants was taken in the library auditorium and refreshments were served to participants
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