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  • Friday, May 3, 2019

  • CUI

  • CCRD

Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), CUI, in collaboration with American Institute of Pakistan Studies (AIPS) and U.S. Embassy Islamabad organized a seminar on ‘Air Quality in Pakistan: Interpreting Data and Improving Public Health Communication’ by Dr. Gabriel M. Filippelli, Director, Center for Urban Health, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), USA on April 22, 2019.  Dr. Gabriel shared his knowledge on health impacts of air pollution and urgency to raise awareness among the public. He emphasized on the significance of air quality monitoring on national level.  


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  • Tuesday, April 30, 2019

  • CUI

  • CCRD

Press Release

23 April, 2019

“How to control over pumping of aquifers”

Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) hosted Prof. em. Dr. Wolfgang Kinzelbach from Institute of Environmental Engineering, ETH Zurich,  Switzerland, for a  talk titled, “How to control over pumping of aquifers”. The event was held on Tuesday, 23 April. 2019 in the Main Library Auditorium, CUI. Students from different departments participated

Over pumping of aquifers, mainly due to irrigated agriculture, is an unsustainable practice found in numerous regions of the world. While economists advocate non-regulation free market outcomes, here the point of view is argued that an early control of over pumping is a better choice. Consequences of over pumping are numerous including drying up of wetlands, die-off of phreatophytic vegetation, soil subsidence, seawater intrusion and increase of pumping energy requirements. We particularly note the value of a well-filled aquifer as a means of buffering increased climatic variability expected under climate change. While control of a surface reservoir is easy, the control of ten thousands of wells is a challenging task. It can be tackled with new technologies, which have recently become available.

Prof. Wolfgang Kinzelbach also explained about environmental externalities of over pumping Drying up of streams and wetlands, Die-off of phreatophytic vegetation and desertification, Soil subsidence, Irreversible decrease of storability, Salt water intrusion and Depletion of storage. He also focused on, Elements needed for a management system. For both water levels and pumping rates management is required. Monitoring: 3 quantities, water pumped, groundwater levels, area irrigated,   decision support: can be simple water balance or complex gw-model, policy implementation can be by cap or price. The cycle is repeated every year. Prediction feasible, as recharge is. Delayed

Prof. Wolfgang suggested about  Smart metering and control of pumping, Control of surface water reservoir is simple. Groundwater control is notoriously difficult as there are hundreds and thousands of wells.. Simple mechanical water meters are not viable as they are destroyed easily. You would have to put a policeman at every well. A hi-tech approach was chosen in Luotuocheng. So called Smart meters. They are operated by a swipe card, which carries the water right in te beginning of the season. When swiping the card a second time to stop the pump, the pumped volume is subtracted. There is a warning if one gets close to the quota. Once the card is empty, no more pumping is possible. For the first time there are really measured pumping data.

After a vote of thanks by Hassaan Sipra, Scientific Officer, CCRD, CUI, a souvenir was presented by Dr. Toqeer Ahmed, Assistance Professor, to the guest speaker and a group picture of the participants was taken in front of Junid Zaidi library. Refreshments were served to participants.

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  • Friday, February 8, 2019

  • CUI

  • CCRD

Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) hosted Mr. Asad Mahmood, Manager (Technical), National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority, for a  talk titled, “Energy Efficiency Initiatives & Legal Framework for Pakistan”. The event was held on Thursday, 07 February 2019 at the Junaid Zaidi Library Auditorium (Basement), CUI. Faculty and students from various departments, including mathematics, management sciences and engineering, gained insights from Mr. Mahmood, a field based expert on energy efficiency in Pakistan.

Mr. Mahmood described the legislative framework that led to the approval of the National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Act 2018, noting that holistic regulatory mechanisms were defined across major energy consuming sectors: transport, building, power, industrial and agriculture. Mr. Mahmood explained the major potential for energy efficiency is in securing 500-1,000 MW of capacity by actively working to secure energy flow, generate data on business categories, and via introduction of businesses to new energy technologies, standards and trainings.

In particular, Mr. Mahmood highlighted the immediate need for localized energy efficiency to manage load shedding through summer action plans, sensitization of development projects to low power factor, implementation of the green building codes for public sector construction, strengthening of institutional arrangements, and the incorporation of energy efficiency into the PC-1. He went on share success stories in the energy labelling, brick kiln retrofits and energy efficient schools, noting that these successes could not have been achieved without the clarity of mandate to different departments in the run up to the NEECA Act 2018 approval. 

Dr. Toqeer Ahmed, Assistant Professor, CCRD, presented a souvenir to the guest speaker after a vote of thanks. Alongside refreshments, key issues related to university students’ engagement on data collection for identification of industrial categories, growing green architecture demand and the water-energy nexus were discussed, as a means to continue building collaborations.  


  • Monday, January 21, 2019

  • CUI

  • CCRD

Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD), COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) hosted Dr. Munir Ahmed, Sr. Director / Chief Scientific Officer, CEWRI, NARC, Islamabad, for a talk titled, “Climate Risk Reduction Adaptation: Interventions of Irrigation Water and Solar Energy for Sustainable Agriculture”. The event was held on Wednesday, 16 January 2019 in the Main Library Auditorium, CUI. People from Dept. of Biosciences, NARC, Dept. of Meteorology and others were present in the event.

Dr. Ahmed, discussed that agriculture is a backbone of the economy of  Pakistan. Agriculture provides employment for roughly 25 million people in Pakistan and is the main income source for 34% and 74% of economically active men and women respectively in the country. Three-fourths of the country receives less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. The country has a comprehensive network of irrigation infrastructure including canals and dams, yet water resources for agriculture are expected to decline in coming years. Climate is expected to have significant impacts on agriculture. More frequent and severe droughts and floods are already apparent, and their impact increases as a growing population need more food and fiber. Climate change is a major threat to rural livelihoods and food security and the poor in general are the most vulnerable to climate change. The agricultural systems are very complex due to interacting direct and indirect climate-related risks. Year to year variability in climate already contributes to rural poverty where exposure is high and adaptive capacity is low. Increasing temperatures will translate into increased crop water demand, salinity and sea water intrusion. 

Dr. Ahmed also explained that appropriate adaptation measures need to be focused in framing policy actions to ensure water, energy and food for the country as well as to minimize the impact of climate change. Critical investments in climate adaptations and smart agriculture are needed to tackle the emerging challenges to the agricultural sector, especially in the context of declining water availability and climate change impacts smart agriculture is a need of hour.  Pakistan is making considerable efforts to incorporate renewable energy technologies into its agricultural production systems to overcome persistent and widespread energy shortages in the country. Further he explained about NARC project in different part of the country.

After a vote of thanks, a souvenir was presented to the guest speaker by Dr. Toqeer Ahmed, Assistant Professor, CCRD, CUI and a group picture of the participants was taken in the library auditorium and refreshments were served to participants




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  • Monday, November 26, 2018

  • CUI

  • CCRD

A three member delegation comprising of Prof. Dr. Xiuming Liu, Dr. Mingming Ma and Dr. Xuegang Mao from Fujian Normal University (FNU), Fuzhou, China visited COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI) on Thursday 22 November 2018.

The delegation was accompanied by Dr. Rasheed A. Tabrez, Project Director CUI Karachi campus and Mr. Ali Tawab Baloch, Senior Manager. International Office welcomed the delegates at CUI. They were shown different facilities of the campus. Subsequently, a Document of understanding (DoU) was signed between CUI and FNU to conduct a joint research project on impact of climate change on the ecosystem and ancient agricultural progress in Indus river valley and Himalaya region. The DOU was signed by Prof. Dr. Athar Hussain, Head Centre for Climate Research and Development (CCRD) and Chairman Meteorology department and Prof. Dr. Xiuming Liu.  Prof. Dr. Raheel Qamar, Rector CUI, Dr. Fahim A. Qureshi, Registrar and Mr. Tahir Naeem, Director P&D and HRD were present on the occasion.

FNU delegates are visiting Pakistan to conduct field visits for exploring sediments of the farm land along with ancient sites of Indus civilization.

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